Eid-ul-Fitr (End of Ramadan)

Eid-ul-Fitr is a day of thanksgiving and jubilation, marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).The meaning of Eid-ul -Fitr is festival of breaking the fast. Some countries also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr for 2-3 days.
          Eid-ul-Fitr is also called with different names in various languages and countries. In
Acehnese                                           -     Uroë Raya Puasa
Albanian                                             -     Lesser Bajram 
Bangladesh                                        -    Rojar Eid
Bosnian                                              -     Ramazanski Bajram, Eid
Brunei                                                -     Hari Raya Aidilfitri
Burkina Faso                                      -      Aid El Segheir
Croatian                                             -     Ramazanski Bajram
Hausa                                                  -    Sallah 
Indonesia                                            -    Eid, "Ramadan Eid", "Smaller Eid"; Idul Fitri, Hari Lebaran
Javanese                                             -    Riyoyo, Riyayan, Ngaidul Fitri 
Kurdish                                               -     Cejna Remezanê
Kyrgyz                                                -    Orozo Mayram
Malayalam                                          -     Cheriya Perunnal
Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei            -    Hari Raya Puasa, Hari Lebaran, Aidilfitri
Pashto                                                 -     Kochnay hi supAkhtar
Persian                                                -     Eid-e Sa'eed-e Fitr (The Mirthful Festival of Fitr)
Philippines                                         -   Wakas ng Ramadan, Hari Raya Puasa 
Saudi Arabia                                       -   Djoulde Soumae
Sindhi                                                  -    Eid Nimaz
Senegal,Mauritania,Guinea Bissau   -  Korite
Sundanese                                           -    Boboran Siyam
Tamil                                                   -   Nonbu Perunaal
Turkish                                                -    Ramazan Bayramı, Şeker Bayramı, Küçük Bayram
Urdu                                                    -    Choti Eid, Meethi Eid
Uyghur                                                -    Rozi Heyt
Colloquial in Uganda                         -    Idd

           Eid-ul-Fitr has a particular Islamic prayer (salah) consisting of two units (raka'ah) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may only be performed in congregation (Jama’at) and has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying Allah-u-Akbar [God is Great]), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah and three of them just before ruku' in the second raka'ah in the Hanafi school. This Eid ul-Fitr salah is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, Fard (obligatory), Mustahabb (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandoob (preferable).
Muslims believe that they are commanded by God, as mentioned in the Qur'an, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and pay the Zakat al-fitr before doing the Eid prayer.

General Rituals
  • Muslims wake up relatively early in the morning—always before sunrise— offer Salatul Fajr (the pre-sunrise prayer), and in keeping with the Sunnah (traditions and actions of the Prophet Muhammad), women cleans one's home.
  • Clean one's teeth with a Miswaak or toothbrush, take a shower (Ghusul) before Fajr prayers, put on new clothes (traditional dress), and apply perfume.
  • Have small breakfast of sweet dish, preferably the date fruit or biscuits, before attending the special Eid prayer(salaat).
  • Giving to charity (Zakat al-fitr
  • Giving gifts to children
  • Recite the following Takbir (incantation) in the low voice while going to the Eid prayer.
  • Lunch is usually served in large family groups.
Other Rituals : The following rituals differ from place to place
  • Decorates one's home
  • After prayer some people visit the graves of loved ones, clean the sorrounding area and give food offerings.
  • Women and girls  get their hands and arms decorated with  henna patterns and wore much bangles.
  • People go to piligrimage. 
  • Sing Jago(wake up) songs
  • Fire crackers in the morning
Eid-ul-Fitr also celebrated in different manner in variousparts of the world. Especially Qatar follow different traditions.
         Eid ul-Fitr is particularly important to Qataris because it is a time when the entire family gathers and celebrates and family obligations come first. Eid breathes the spirit of community and togetherness into people in Qatar and puts everyone, even the grumpiest of people, into an unusually good mood.
Preparations for Eid, usually start between ten days and two weeks prior to the end of Ramadan. It’s a particularly busy time for Qatari women, who do most of the preparations. Tailors are overloaded with work, as women get new abayas or traditional dresses, known as disdaashas, made for themselves, as well as traditional clothes made for their children. Many men will also go to tailors to get new thowbs (long, loose-fitting white robes) made.
Some Qataris even buy new furniture, or rearrange the furniture in their homes just for Eid, emphasizing the specialness of the occasion.

Food : Candies, biscuits, cakes, sweets, vermicelli mixed with warm milk (generally with fried cashews, coconut shreds and raisins as add-ons), samosa's, curried chicken and beef, haleem, special lunch and iftar(evening meal).

Greetings  : Common greetings during this day are greeting ‘Eid Mubārak ("Blessed Eid") or ‘Eid Sa‘eed ("Happy Eid"). In addition, many countries have their own greetings based on local language and traditions – in Turkey, for example, a typical saying might be Bayramınız kutlu olsun or "May your Bayram – Eid – be blessed.